Hypertension Home > Primary Hypertension Prevention
If you are trying to prevent primary hypertension, it's important to focus on reducing risk factors that can be controlled, such as being overweight and drinking too much alcohol. Prevention strategies include losing weight, being more physically active, following a healthy diet, and drinking less alcohol. Following these strategies can reduce the chances of developing serious health conditions, such as kidney failure, heart attacks, and strokes.
Anyone can develop hypertension (commonly known as high blood pressure). In fact, 1 in 3 Americans (more than 65 million people) has hypertension. In more than 90 percent of cases, the cause or causes of high blood pressure are not known. But hypertension research scientists have found certain factors that increase a person's chance of developing hypertension. High blood pressure prevention involves minimizing the high blood pressure risks that can be controlled.
Primary hypertension (also known as essential hypertension) refers to cases of high blood pressure where the cause is not known. The vast majority of people with high blood pressure have primary hypertension. Other types of high blood pressure include:
- Isolated systolic hypertension
- Secondary hypertension
- Malignant hypertension
- Portal hypertension
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Intracranial hypertension
- White-coat hypertension