Hypertension Home > Effects of Alpha Blockers and Other Hypertension Drugs
As a whole, the different categories of hypertension medications are known as "antihypertensives." In the following sections, each variety of these antihypertensives is described in more detail.
Alpha blockers cut down on nerve impulses to blood vessels. This allows the blood to pass through the vessels more easily, causing blood pressure to go down.
Alpha blockers used for hypertension include:
Beta blockers slow down the heart rate and reduce the heart's blood output. They do this by reducing nerve impulses to the heart and blood vessels. This causes the heart to beat more slowly and with less force. This results in a decrease in blood pressure, so the heart doesn't need to work as hard.
Beta blockers employed as medications for hypertension include:
- Propranolol (Inderal®)
- Atenolol (Tenormin®)
- Metoprolol (Lopressor®)
- Metoprolol succinate (Toprol XL®)
- Labetalol (Trandate®).
Alpha-beta blockers work the same way as alpha-blockers do, but they also slow down the heart rate (they are similar to beta-blockers in this regard). As a result of this type of blood pressure medication, less blood is pumped through the blood vessels and the blood pressure goes down. Carvedilol (Coreg®) is an alpha-beta blocker used for the treatment of hypertension.