Hypertension Home > More Details on Hypertension Medicines
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are newer medicines that protect blood vessels from angiotensin II. As a result, with this type of high blood pressure medication, the blood vessels relax and become wider, and your blood pressure goes down.
Some examples of ARBs used for lowering blood pressure include:
- Azilsartan (Edarbi™) or azilsartan/chlorthalidone (Edarbyclor™)
- Candesartan (Atacand®) or candesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Atacand HCT®)
- Eprosartan (Teveten®) or eprosartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Teveten® HCT)
- Irbesartan (Avapro®) or irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Avalide®)
- Losartan (Cozaar®) or losartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar®)
- Olmesartan (Benicar®), olmesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Benicar HCT®), or amlodipine and olmesartan (AZOR™)
- Telmisartan (Micardis®) or telmisartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Micardis® HCT)
- Valsartan (Diovan®) or valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan HCT®).
Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
Calcium channel blockers stop calcium from entering the muscle cells of the blood vessels and heart. This reduces the heart rate and causes the blood vessels to relax. In turn, blood pressure goes down.
CCBs used for hypertension treatment include:
- Amlodipine (Norvasc®)
- Amlodipine/benazepril (Lotrel®)
- Verapamil (Calan®, Covera®, Verelan®)
- Diltiazem (Cardizem®, Tiazac®)
- Nifedipine (Adalat®, Procardia®)
- Felodipine (Plendil®)
- Nisoldipine (Sular®).
Nervous System Inhibitors
Nervous system inhibitors relax the blood vessels by controlling nerve impulses. This causes the blood vessels to become wider and the blood pressure to go down.
Examples of these medications include:
Vasodilators directly dilate (widen) blood vessels by relaxing the muscle in the vessel walls. This causes blood pressure to go down.
Some examples of these medications for hypertension include:
- Isosorbide mononitrate (Imdur®)
- Hydralazine (Apresoline®)
- Hydralazine and Isosorbide Dinitrate (BiDil®).