What Is Minoxidil Oral Used For?
If you have severe high blood pressure that is causing damage to vital organs, you may benefit from minoxidil oral. This prescription medication works by enlarging the blood vessels to help improve blood flow. Healthcare providers may also recommend minoxidil oral for off-label uses, which can include the treatment of hypertensive crisis.
An Overview of Uses for Minoxidil OralMinoxidil oral (Loniten®) is a prescription medication approved for the treatment of severe hypertension (high blood pressure). It is normally used in combination with other high blood pressure medications, including diuretics and beta blockers.
Minoxidil Oral Use for High Blood PressureYour blood pressure is the measure of the force inside your blood vessels, both while the heart is beating and while it is relaxed. High blood pressure, known medically as hypertension, occurs when that force is too high. If you have high blood pressure, your heart has to work extra hard to pump blood throughout your body.
A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers: a systolic number (the top number) and a diastolic number (the bottom number). The systolic number is a measure of blood pressure when the heart is beating. The diastolic number is a measure of blood pressure when the heart is relaxed.
Most people with high blood pressure do not have any symptoms. Even though high blood pressure may not cause symptoms, if left untreated, it can cause damage to many vital organs in the body, including the eyes, heart, brain, and kidneys. Over time, damage to these organs may lead to serious health problems, including:
(Click Effects of High Blood Pressure for more information.)
Minoxidil oral is a strong blood pressure medication. It also has the potential to cause serious side effects. Therefore, this medication is only used to treat blood pressure that is very high, is causing symptoms or damage to vital body organs, and is not well controlled with other medications.
If you take minoxidil oral, you will most likely also need to take at least two other blood pressure medications. These drugs, usually a beta blocker and a diuretic ("water pill"), help to prevent certain side effects of minoxidil oral (see Precautions and Warnings With Minoxidil Oral for more information).
Minoxidil oral is not a cure for high blood pressure. If you stop taking it, your blood pressure will increase. Most people with high blood pressure will need to take medication their entire lives.
Minoxidil oral should not be confused with Rogaine® (minoxidil). Rogaine is a liquid, topical medication applied to the scalp to stimulate hair growth. Although both of these medications contain minoxidil, they are not interchangeable. Minoxidil oral is not approved to stimulate hair growth. Liquids made from minoxidil oral and applied to the scalp could cause too much minoxidil to be absorbed into the bloodstream, leading to dangerous side effects.